Grupo de Economia da Energia

Posts Tagged ‘thermal generation’

The evolution of the Brazilian government’s natural gas policy

In natural gas on 05/12/2011 at 00:37

By Marcelo Colomer

Almost a year after Decree 7,382 by the former President of the Republic Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva, a seminar was held in Brasilia on the challenges of the new regulatory framework for the natural gas industry in Brazil. The event occurred in the last 29, from a joint initiative of the Ministry of Mines and Energy (MME), National Agency of Petroleum, Natural Gas and Biofuels (ANP) and Energy Planning Company (EPE).

The main objective of the event was to discuss with the sector agents the main challenges for implementing the new regulatory framework for the natural gas industry. According to the MME Secretary, Marco Antônio Almeida, there is recognition that Act 11,909 and Decree 7,382 do not cover issues relating to gas regulation, thus requiring additional regulatory acts. According to him, this is a major challenge for MME and ANP. Helder Queiroz, ANP Director, states that development of new resolutions and ordinances and review of regulatory acts in force are essential to bind ANP rules to the new industry’s regulatory framework. Continue lendo »

The divergent integration of the natural gas and electricity industries in Brazil

In electricity, natural gas on 20/09/2010 at 00:30

By Luciano Losekann

The movement of convergence of the natural gas and electricity industries characterized the global energy industry over the past 20 years. In OECD countries, the use of natural gas for generating electricity increased at a rate of 6% per year during this period and its participation in the generation matrix increased from 9% to 23%. Currently, the portion of natural gas is higher than nuclear one and lower than coal one.

Some dynamic factors explain this: (i) the discovery of significant natural gas reserves and interconnection of markets have changed the perspective, especially in Europe, natural gas as a product with limited availability and reserved for more noble purposes, (ii) the expansion of combined cycle turbines causes generating electricity from natural gas more efficient, increasing its competitiveness against other sources, and (iii) liberalization of industries reduced institutional barriers to new entrants. Continue lendo »